This booklet has been compiled for young researchers and students; It is designed as a guide for conducting research, writing reports, and presenting research. It is essential that the explanations with questions and answers are clear, short and easy to understand. The theoretical part or broad explanation of the subjects is left to other source books. We would like to express our sincere gratitude to all researchers whose ideas we have benefited from, quoted or inspired by, including those whose names we cannot include in the bibliography. If real data is used in the sample solutions, the source is stated, if the source is not specified, the data is hypothetical. This booklet is like a simple pick of the knowledge room for those who want to learn and research.
The long process after entering the room is up to the young people. Fundamental concepts, the framework of scientific research, its possibilities, limitations, reaching facts, especially in social sciences, expressing them in writing and verbally are the inventory of our research room. By saying this, planning research, being aware of information sources, resorting to sampling, collecting and analyzing appropriate data, organizing tables and graphs, presenting and defending the research in the classroom or in front of a jury, describing the research in a science congress or turning it into a journal article, in all these stages, scientific studies are carried out. We want to express staying within ethical rules. We aimed to provide this with small questions and simple answers to them. We tried to deal with our subjects and examples within the framework of social sciences. The fact that human and social problems, not physics or chemistry, gained a larger dimension than before, led to this result. Poverty, unemployment, inflation, lack of education, inefficiency, malnutrition, injustice in income distribution, fair administration, waste, basic human rights, peace, immigrants, asylum seekers, unhappiness, environmental problems, etc. The topics started to attract more attention of researchers and this type of research became sought after. All of these are “What are we going to investigate?” ready-made research topics for young people who ask. New technologies and the phenomenon of globalization have expanded the dimensions of the business. Internet literature and the production and sharing of virtual data provided many conveniences, but also increased complexity and information pollution.
Today, there are more than 200 universities and 8 million university students in Turkey, and the number of academic dissertations completed annually is about 75 thousand (2019 data). Again, there are 185 TV channels and 10 thousand internet news sites in our country. It is also useful to remember the prevalence of computers and smartphones. In our book, we try to emphasize the importance of reinforcing and supporting this huge system with educated human resources, scientific research and accurate information.