This work examines the concepts of property, property and market, which are the main subjects of economics, from the perspectives of both Islamic and conventional economics. Goods are the basis of economic life, because goods are the name of the means that meet the needs of people. Man has material and intangible needs. A person pursues them all his life. If his material needs are met, he will be prosperous, and if his intangible needs are met, he will attain happiness. People try to acquire property from the moment they know themselves. The name of owning and owning a property is called property. Property entitles people to that property and provides the right to dispose and use it. This is also called "possession". Normally, people buy the goods by giving their money. The sale process is also done in the bazaar, in the market. The word market, which comes from Italian, is used in the sense of market. The movable goods are both displayed and sold in the bazaars, shops, week markets, stock exchanges, formerly fairs and now fairs. Real estates are bought and sold in the land registry offices of the state.
In this work, the author analyzed the definition and properties of goods, their moral evaluation, the subject of ownership, the ownership of production factors, and the protection of property, both from a secular and Islamic point of view, in his six-part analysis.