General Physical Geography has been prepared as a textbook for the students of the social studies, geography and classroom teaching programs of the universities and the geography department. The scope of the book is arranged in accordance with the curriculum of the General Physical Geography course accepted by the Council of Higher Education. In addition, the unique science systematic of geography was taken into account in determining the content of the book. The science of geography, which is described as the synthesis and mother of all sciences, consists of two main branches of science, physical and human geography. Therefore, this book covers the basic issues of geography directly related to space (earth) and contributes to our better understanding of the natural structure and interactions of the world we live in.
The book is divided into eight chapters and numerous subheadings. In the first part, the definition, subject, development and scientific identity of geography; in the second part, the Universe, the Solar System and the Earth; in the third part, the formation of the earth, the factors affecting this process and the main topographies; The fourth chapter focuses on climate science, Earth's atmosphere and climate system. In the fifth chapter, water geography, distribution, characteristics and effects of underground and surface waters; in the sixth chapter, the formation of soil, its types, distribution and soil problems; In the seventh chapter, the classification of plants, the conditions of their habitats and their distribution on the earth are discussed. In the eighth and final chapter, various topics of map knowledge are covered in detail; maps, graphs, diagrams and geographic information systems have been touched upon.
The topics covered in the book are explained in a simple and understandable language. In order to better understand the subjects, efforts have been made to provide visual materials such as a large number of figures, maps, photographs, graphics, and tables, as well as reading passages, notes, warnings, etc.