The history of humanity is the name of the time when the being reached its own realization. This is an effort to catch the permanent in a relative moment and to dedicate oneself to eternity. One aspect of this history is the spirit shaped by thought, and the other aspect is the education that helps the mind and will to be embodied, almost to enter the mold of the body. While man wants to reach happiness and truth within the time frame given to him, he has benefited from three basic disciplines to achieve them. These; religion, philosophy and science. Therefore, no human activity is outside of these three disciplines. The first of these belongs to the emotion, the second belongs to the mind, and the third belongs to the body, that is, to see, and none of them can be considered separately from the other. Whoever wants to create a world, a mentality based on only one, will not be able to catch the whole. Because being is a whole made up of parts.
Since the 18th century, we are trying to shape our world of thought and education based on these theories, which we have transmitted from the West. However, we are faced with the fact that we cannot develop an educational idea of our own because we do not take into account the essential elements of our culture. Since the essential elements of the culture that make up civilizations are kept out of sight, the question "What kind of human do we want to raise?" No meaningful answer could be found.
This study tries to express a holistic understanding in terms of our philosophy of education, although it deals with the subjects that are touched upon in the classical philosophy of education books in our country. For this reason, while approaching the thoughts of philosophers who have a strong influence on education in the West from time to time, he also included the development process of the Turkish-Islamic civilization that made us who we are and conducive to the formation of the essential elements, and the thoughts of some personalities who contributed to it. . In addition, some of our contemporary thinkers who contributed to the thinking dimension of our education were also discussed. In short, this study was written to raise a question in the minds of both prospective teachers who are interested in education and those who are interested in this field.