The earliest known traveler is Strabo (64 BC - 24 AD) who was a Greek historian, geographer and philosopher. After Strabo, many travelers have traveled the world and described the places they have visited in their travel books. In these works, they talked about the geography of the places they went, the lifestyles of the people living there, their cultures, marital status, beliefs, architectural structures, commercial life, extraordinary events told there, stories, legends and many more. In this context, travel books are extremely important sources in terms of history, especially in terms of cultural history.
Every traveler sets out on his journey with his own beliefs and acceptances imposed on him by the cultural environment in which he grew up. He evaluates what he sees accordingly. Therefore, in this study, it has been tried to choose travelers from different cultures and belief circles while determining the travel books. Thus, the Sunni Muslim Ibn Khazar from Iraq (IX. century), the Shiite Muslim Nasser-i Husrev (XI. century) from Iran, the Jew Benjamin from Spain and the German Jew Petachia (XII. century), again from Spain Sunni Muslim al-Gırnati (XII. century) from Italy, Christian Marco Polo (XIII. century) from Italy, Christian missionary Wilhelm Von Rubruk from France (XIII. century), Sunni Muslim Ibn Battuta from Morocco ( XIV. century) and finally Christian Johannes Schiltberger (XIV-XV. century) from Germany were included in this study. Thus, we have brought together fantastic stories, some of which are real, but most of them are too extraordinary to be true, from the eyes of these travelers who visited the three continents of the Middle Ages and came from different faiths and cultures in their own time, and presented them to the reader. When readers start to read these fantastic stories, they will see the similarities between the subjects of fantastic stories, novels, TV series and movies that have increased in popularity today, and how the medieval narratives have sourced these modern studies.